Hyogo has eleven mountain castle sites designated by the national government as Historic Sites, including those of Rikan Castle added to the list last year, and the “castle in the sky,” Takeda Castle. Hyogo’s mountain castles are highly valued throughout the country by those who study castles designed for battle. This exhibition reveals the reality of Hyogo’s mountain castles through artifacts excavated from the sites (clay tiles, ceramics, etc.) and ancient writings regarding the national order to retire mountain castles. It also provides guidance for those who are planning to visit mountain castles. Detailed explanations of mountain castle structures will be given using ground plans displayed at the venue. Visitors will also be able to experience the impressive charms of mountain castles and obtain information useful for walking around the castles through aerial photos, photos of stone walls, and live feeds from castle sites (available at lecture sessions). We hope that you will fully learn the attractions of Hyogo’s mountain castles through the displays.
Hyogo Prefecture is sometimes referred to as Gokoku (“Five Districts”), reflecting that the prefecture today is made up of five old districts: Settsu, Harima, Tajima, Tamba and Awaji. This exhibition will explore the beginning of the five districts through materials and artifacts excavated from the sites of governments and temples from the end of the Kofun Period to the Nara and Heian Periods .
From ancient times to today, Japanese people have respected swords more deeply than any other people. It is not too much to say that, in this country, swords are not simply a weapon, but something very special. This is observed in the swords excavated from burial mounds, as well as in traditional Japanese swords that are still being made today using long-established techniques. In particular, during the Kofun Period, Japanese people created many gorgeous swords decorated with gold and silver, using techniques brought about from overseas through the Korean Peninsula. Japanese swords and sword accessories excavated from sutra mounds from the Heian Period and from castle sites from the Warring States Period also show new aspects of the history of Japanese swords. With swords from the Yayoi Period through to the Edo Period excavated from archaeological sites as its main features, this exhibition will look back on the history of swords loved by Japanese people.
The latest findings from surveys undertaken by Hyogo Prefecture are gathered and showcased in this exhibition. Selected items gained through excavation surveys at archaeological sites will be on display.